Bob Griffin On Line

Sacramento(萨克拉门托)
Sacramento is a city located in central California and on the Sacramento River Basin. It is the seat of the county capital of Sacramento County, the seat of the state capital of California, and the fifth largest city in California. The settlement was built in 1839. Gold was discovered in 1848. It was established by John Sutter in December 1849. The city developed rapidly and was designated as the state capital in 1854. It was established in 1863. Sacramento was originally developed by Fort Sutter, which was also founded by John Sutter in 1839. During the gold rush in the 19th century, Sacramento was not only an important population distribution center, but also a commercial and agricultural center. It was the terminal of freight horse convoy, stagecoach, river wheel, telegraph, Mustang express and the first transcontinental railway. Sacramento means "sacrament" in Spanish. It is the name given to the Central Valley of California and the Sacramento River by the Spaniards when they first arrived in this area. Later, Fort Sutter became a city name after it developed into a city town. The Chinese translation of "Sha Jia myanu" originated from the transliteration of "Sacramento" by overseas Chinese in nineteenth Century. It is still the only Chinese name used by local Chinese and Chinese media, and the Chinese name adopted in Taiwan. But now the Chinese mainland has many translations of "Sacramento". The older generation of overseas Chinese also usually call Sacramento the "second port". Compared with the "big port", it refers to San Francisco and the "third port" as Stockton. However, in recent years, new immigrants have rarely used this name.
萨克拉门托(Sacramento)是一个位于美国加利福尼亚州中部、萨克拉门托河流域上的城市,是萨克拉门托县的县府所在地,也是加利福尼亚州州府所在地,加州人口第五大城。1839年建居民点,1848年当地发现黄金,1849年12月由John Sutter建立,城市迅速发展,1854年定为州府。1863年设市。萨克拉门托最初是由Fort Sutter成长而来,而Fort Sutter也由John Sutter1839年建立。在19世纪中的淘金潮时,萨克拉门托是一个重要的人口集散地,也是一个商业和农业中心,运货马车队、驿马车、河轮、电报、野马快递以及第一跨洲铁路的末端站。Sacramento是来自西班牙语“圣事”之意,是西班牙人最初抵达此区时给加州中央山谷和萨克拉门托河起的名字,后来Fort Sutter发展成市镇后也成为了市名。中文译名“沙加缅度”源自19世纪粤籍华侨对“Sacramento”的音译,至今仍是当地华人及华语媒体唯一使用、以及台湾采用的中文名称,但现时中国大陆多译作“萨克拉门托”。老一辈华侨也通常称萨克拉门托为“二埠”,相对于“大埠”指旧金山、和“三埠”为斯托克顿,但近年新移民已较少用这名称。
Aspen(阿斯彭)
Aspen is located in Colorado in the Midwest of the United States, adjacent to the Rocky Mountains in the West. It is famous for its ski resorts, rich people's settlements and resorts. Aspen evolved from a mining town in the 19th century. Because the original style of Aspen town remains very good, most of the buildings were built during mining in that year, and Aspen ski resort developed earlier, and gradually became a gathering place for famous people and rich people. Aspen is the hot spot of winter skiing for rich celebrities and professional skiers, and it is elegant and leisurely with some history and nature.
Aspen位于美国中西部的科罗拉多州(Colorado),西临洛矶山脉,以滑雪场而著称,富人聚居区和度假胜地。阿斯彭是由19世纪采矿城镇演化而来,因Aspen城镇的原来风貌保持十分优良,大部分建筑都是当年采矿时所建,并且Aspen滑雪度假发展得较早,渐渐就成名人富人聚集地。Aspen是富豪名人及专业滑雪人士的冬季滑雪的热点,而且优雅闲然之中杂些历史和自然。
GrandJunction(大章克申)
Grand Junction (Colorado) is a city in Colorado in the United States. It is located at the confluence of the Colorado River and the gannison River in the west of the state (in the past, the Colorado River was called the Rio Grande, which is also the origin of the city name). It's mesa county. With an area of 70.4 square kilometers and a population of 46898 in 2006, it is the 15th largest city in the state.
大章克辛(Grand Junction, Colorado)是美国科罗拉多州的一个城市,位于该州西部科罗拉多河和甘尼森河汇流之处 (昔时科罗拉多河被称为格兰德河。这也是城名的由来)。是梅萨县县治。面积70.4平方公里,2006年人口46,898人,是该州第十五大城市。
BocaRaton(博卡拉顿)
Boca Raton is a city located in Palm Beach County, Florida, USA. At the time of the 2000 census, Boca Raton had a population of 74764. In 2006, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a population of 86396. Whites account for 90.75% of Boca Raton's population (including 84.2% of non Hispanics); Blacks accounted for 3.76%; Native Americans account for 0.16 &; Asians accounted for 1.99%; Pacific Islanders accounted for 0.04%.
博卡拉顿(Boca Raton) 是位于美国佛罗里达州棕榈滩县的一个城市。2000年人口普查时,博卡拉顿有人口74,764人。而在2006年,根据美国人口调查局的数据,该市有人口86,396人。白人占了博卡拉顿人口数的90.75%(其中非拉美裔占84.2%);黑人占3.76%;美国原住民占0.16&;亚裔占1.99%;太平洋岛民占0.04%。
NorthMiami(北迈阿密)
Miami is the second largest city in Florida, located in Biscayne Bay on the Florida Peninsula. Miami is also the largest city in the metropolitan area of South Florida. This metropolitan area is composed of Miami Dade County, Broward County and Palm Beach County, with a population of more than 5.59 million. It is one of the most densely populated cities in the United States, the largest metropolitan area in the southeast of the United States and the fourth metropolitan area in the United States. Miami is an international metropolis with an important position in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, art and international trade. It is also the headquarters of many companies, banks and television stations. It is a melting pot of culture. It is greatly influenced by the huge Latin American ethnic groups and the residents of Caribbean island countries. It is closely related to North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean in culture and language. Therefore, it is sometimes called "the capital of America". In 2008, Miami was rated as "the cleanest city in the United States" by Forbes magazine. In 2009, Miami was also rated as the richest city in the United States and the fifth richest city in the world by UBS.
迈阿密(Miami)是美国佛罗里达州第二大城市,位于佛罗里达半岛比斯坎湾。迈阿密还是南佛罗里达州都市圈中最大的城市,这个都市圈由迈阿密-戴德县、布劳沃德县和棕榈滩县组成,人口超过559万人,是美国人口最为稠密的城市之一,美国东南部最大的都市圈,也是全美第四大都市圈。迈阿密是国际性的大都市,在金融、商业、媒体、娱乐、艺术和国际贸易等方面拥有重要的地位,也是许多公司、银行和电视台的总部所在。是文化的大熔炉,受庞大的拉丁美洲族群和加勒比海岛国居民的影响很大,与北美洲、南美洲、中美洲以及加勒比海地区在文化和语言上关系密切,因此有时还被称为“美洲的首都”。2008年,迈阿密被《福布斯》杂志评为“美国最干净的城市“。2009年,迈阿密还被瑞士联合银行评为美国最富裕城市和全球第五富裕城市。
St.Petersburg(圣彼得堡)
St. Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург; Saint Petersburg), located in the northwest of Russia, along the Baltic Sea and the Neva estuary, between 59 ° ~ 60 ° north latitude and 29 ° ~ 30 ° east longitude, is the central municipality of Russia, the capital of Leningrad state, the central city of Northwest Russia, an important land and water transportation hub in Russia, and the northernmost city in the world with a population of more than one million, Also known as the "northern capital" of Russia. St. Petersburg is also the headquarters of the Russian Federation naval fleet. St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia, with an area of 1439 square kilometers, including an urban area of 606 square kilometers. Founded in 1703, St. Petersburg has a history of more than 300 years. The city name comes from St. Peter, the disciple of Jesus. Peter I moved his capital to Petersburg in 1712. It was the center of Russian culture, politics and economy for more than 200 years until 1918. In 1924, it was renamed Leningrad in memory of Lenin, and its original name was restored to St. Petersburg in 1991. St. Petersburg and the historic center have become UNESCO World Heritage sites. St. Petersburg occupies an important position in the Russian economy and is a large comprehensive industrial city. St. Petersburg is often called the most westernized city in Russia. It is the window from Russia to Europe. Many foreign consulates, multinational corporations, banks and other business strongholds are located in St. Petersburg. It is also an international city with high development of science, technology and industry.
圣彼得堡(俄语:Санкт-Петербург;英语:Saint Petersburg),位于俄罗斯西北部,波罗的海沿岸,涅瓦河口,处于北纬59°~60° 、东经29°~30°之间,是俄罗斯的中央直辖市,列宁格勒州的首府,俄罗斯西北地区中心城市,全俄重要的水陆交通枢纽,是世界上人口超过百万的城市中位置最北的一个,又被称为俄罗斯的“北方首都”。圣彼得堡也是俄罗斯联邦海军舰队的总部所在地。圣彼得堡是俄罗斯第二大城市,面积1439平方公里,其中市区面积606平方公里。圣彼得堡始建于1703年,已有300多年的历史,市名源自耶稣的弟子圣徒彼得。1712年彼得一世迁都到彼得堡,一直到1918年的200多年的时间里这里都是俄罗斯文化、政治、经济的中心。1924年为纪念列宁曾更名为列宁格勒,1991年又恢复原名为圣彼得堡。圣彼得堡和历史中心古迹群构成为联合国教科文组织世界遗产。圣彼得堡市在俄罗斯经济中占有重要地位,是一座大型综合性工业城市。圣彼得堡经常被称为俄罗斯最西方化的城市,是俄罗斯通往欧洲的窗口,许多外国领事馆、跨国公司、银行和其他业务据点均位于圣彼得堡,也是一座科学技术和工业高度发展的国际化城市。
Sarasota(萨拉索塔)
Sarasota is a city under the jurisdiction of Florida, the seat of Sarasota County, the center of Florida's cultural coast, one of the 15 most livable cities in the United States, and a world-famous art city and circus city married to Siming. It is located on the West Bank of Florida Peninsula and adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico. It covers an area of 1878 square kilometers. According to the 2000 census of the United States, there were 325957 people and 366256 people in 2005. Sarasota is located in Sarasota County, Florida in the south of the United States, close to the Gulf of Mexico. The urban area is about 67.2 square kilometers, the population is 52488, and the per capita income is 23197 US dollars. Sa City is rich in animal and plant resources and pleasant subtropical climate. It is a beautiful port city with natural good beaches and bathing beaches. Sa City and its surrounding areas are known as the center of "Florida cultural coast", with quite famous Yunling Art Museum, Yunling art school, Institute of marine biology and aquarium, ballet and Symphony Orchestra, botanical garden, higher education institutions and key middle schools.
萨拉索塔(Sarasota)是美国佛罗里达州的下辖市,萨拉索塔县县治所在地,佛罗里达文化海岸的中心、全美15个最适宜居住城市之一、与思明结好的世界著名艺术都会和马戏城。位于佛罗里达半岛西岸,临墨西哥湾。面积1,878平方公里。根据美国2000年人口普查,共有人口325,957人,2005年人口366,256人。萨拉索塔市位于美国南部佛罗里达州萨拉索塔郡,濒临墨西哥湾,城市面积约为67.2平方公里,人口52,488人,人均收入23,197美元。萨市拥有丰富的动植物资源和宜人的亚热带气候,是一座风景优美的港口城市,拥有天然的良好沙滩和海滨浴场。萨市及周边地区被称为“佛罗里达文化海岸”的中心,拥有颇富盛名的云凌艺术博物馆、云凌美术学校、海洋生物研究所和水族馆、芭蕾舞团和交响乐团、植物园、高等教育学府和重点中学。
FortLauderdale(劳德代尔堡)
Fort Lauderdale is a city located in Broward County, Florida. It is the county seat of the county and part of the metropolitan area of South Florida. It is known as "Venice of the United States". The total area is 93.3 square kilometers and the total population is 273500 (2013). In the 2000 census of the United States, the total population of the city was 152397. Sometimes it is also called "ft. liquordale", because there are many bars and clubs in the city, and the party atmosphere is very strong. It was once known for a large number of spring break activities, but residents' complaints and stricter law enforcement in 1980 reduced the climax of spring break in Fort Lauderdale to a more moderate level.
劳德代尔堡是位于美国佛罗里达州布罗沃德县的一座城市,是该县的县城,南佛罗里达都会区的一部分,以“美国威尼斯”著称。总面积93.3平方公里,总人口为27.35万人(2013年)。在美国2000年人口普查中,该市的总人口为152,397。有时它也被称为“Ft. Liquordale(酒谷堡)”,因为该市有许多酒吧及俱乐部,派对气氛很浓。它一度因大量的春假活动而广为人知,但是1980年的居民申诉和更严格的执法使劳德代尔堡的春假高潮降低到更适度的水平。
Americus(阿梅里克斯)
Americus is located in the historic ancient city of Georgia.
阿梅里克斯市位于美国乔治亚州的历史古城。
RockIsland(岩岛)
Rock Island refers to an isolated island surrounded by water after some rock (stratum) blocks remain in the riverbed due to the crustal movement and the difference of rock properties. It is called Rock Island. It is often seen in the middle and upper reaches of rivers. It stands against the water and is the mainstay of majestic momentum. Changmenyan island is located in the depths of the Yellow Sea, with an area of only 0.16 square kilometers. It is a "four no islands" without fresh water, residents, flights and regular electricity. There are 495 winter resistant trees on the island, which are between 200 and 830 years old. The trees are evergreen all the year round and bloom in winter and summer. When the flowers bloom, the island is red and enchanting. Changmen rock is named "winter resistant island".
岩岛是指由于地壳运动,岩石性质的差异,经过流水的侵蚀,一些岩石(地层)块体残留在河床中,成为四面环水的孤岛,叫岩岛。它多见于河流的中上游,迎水而立,中流砥柱气势雄伟。长门岩岛位于黄海深处,面积仅0.16平方千米,是个无淡水、无居民、无航班、无常明电的“四无小岛”。岛上生长着495棵树龄在200至830年间的耐冬,此树四季常青,冬夏两季开花。花开时小岛红透,分外妖娆。长门岩因而得名“耐冬之岛”。
Alton(奥尔顿)
Alton is located in Madison, Illinois.
奥尔顿位于美国伊利诺伊州麦迪逊。
Cairo(开罗)
Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة; Cairo), the capital and largest city of Egypt, is also the largest city in Africa and the Arab world. Across the Nile River, the city is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the whole Middle East, located in the northeast of Egypt. Across the Nile River, Cairo is magnificent and spectacular. It is the political, economic, cultural and commercial center of the whole Middle East region. Cairo is composed of Cairo Province, Giza province and qaljub Province, commonly known as greater Cairo. The highest average temperature in summer is 34.2 ℃ and the lowest is 20.8 ℃; In winter, the maximum temperature is 19.9 ℃ and the minimum temperature is 9.7 ℃. Cairo is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is also a rare ancient city in the world that has suffered the least war damage. Moreover, through the continuous construction and expansion of dynasties and governments, this ancient and modern big city has been formed. Cairo is located at the southern end of the Nile Delta. Most of Cairo has a subtropical desert climate. In Cairo, mosques and minarets can be seen everywhere. In Arabic, the minaret is called "minar", which refers to the place where the preacher stands and calls people to pray. Since the 7th century, with the wide spread of Islam in West Asia and North Africa, the art of mosque architecture has developed continuously, and the minaret has evolved into various styles, becoming an indispensable part of mosque architecture and a highlight of Cairo city. On November 29, 2019, Egyptian Airlines opened a direct flight from Hangzhou to Cairo. On December 26, 2019, it ranked 97th on the list of global top 500 cities in 2019.
开罗(阿拉伯语:القاهرة;英语:Cairo),属埃及首都及最大城市,也是非洲及阿拉伯世界最大城市。城市横跨尼罗河,为整个中东地区的政治、经济、文化和交通中心,位于埃及的东北部。开罗横跨尼罗河,气魄雄伟,风貌壮观,是整个中东地区的政治、经济、文化和商业中心。开罗由开罗省、吉萨省和盖勒尤卜省组成,通称大开罗。夏季平均气温最高34.2℃,最低20.8℃;冬季最高19.9℃,最低9.7℃。开罗是世界上最古老的城市之一。也是当今世界上少有的遭受战争破坏最少的古城。而且经历代王朝和政府不断修建和扩建﹐形成这个古今并存、互相辉映的大城市。开罗位于尼罗河三角洲的南端,开罗大部分地区属于亚热带沙漠气候。在开罗,随处可见的建筑物是清真寺和宣礼塔。在阿拉伯语中,宣礼塔称之为“米纳尔”,指宣礼员站着呼唤人们祈祷的地方。从7世纪起,随着伊斯兰教在西亚、北非一带广泛传播,清真寺建筑艺术不断发展,宣礼塔也演变为各种不同的式样,成为清真寺建筑不可缺少的一个组成部分、开罗城区的一大亮点。2019年11月29日,埃及航空开通杭州直飞开罗航线。2019年12月26日,位列2019年全球城市500强榜单第97名。
Aurora(奥罗拉)
Aurora (Colorado) is the third largest city in Colorado (population 297235 in 2005) and the largest city in Arapaho county. Some are located in Adams County and Douglas County. It opened in 1891, formerly known as Fletcher. It was renamed in 1907. The city is the 56th largest city in the United States, with rapid development. It has great potential in both economic development and tourism.
奥罗拉(Aurora, Colorado)是美国科罗拉多州第三大城市(2005年人口297,235人)、阿拉帕霍县最大的城市。一部分分别位于亚当斯县和道格拉斯县。1891年开埠,原名费莱彻。1907年改名。该城市为美国第56大城市,发展迅速,无论是经济发展,还是旅游业都比较具有潜力。
Naperville(内珀维尔)
Naperville (Illinois) is a city in DuPage County, Illinois, with a small part located in will county. With an area of 92.0 square kilometers and a population of 147779 in 2007, it is the fourth largest city in the state. It opened its port in 1831, became an organic village in 1857 and set up a city in 1890.
内珀维尔 (Naperville, Illinois)是美国伊利诺伊州杜佩奇县的一个城市,小部分位于威尔县。面积92.0平方公里,2007年人口为147,779人,是该州第四大城市。1831年开埠,1857年成为建制村,1890年设市。
ChicagoSuburbs(芝加哥郊区)
Chicago, located in the south of Lake Michigan, is the third largest city in the United States and one of the international financial centers in the world. Chicago is located in the center of the North American continent. The coordinates of the city center are 41 ° 39 'north latitude and 87 ° 34' west longitude. It is the largest business center and one of the largest futures markets in the United States. The number of new enterprises in its metropolitan area has always ranked first in the United States and has been rated as the most balanced economy in the United States. In addition, Chicago also has many tall buildings, known as "the hometown of skyscrapers". As of July 2018, the population of Chicago was about 2706000. Chicago is one of the most important cultural, scientific and educational centers in the United States. It has the world's top universities, the University of Chicago, Northwest University and the world-famous Chicago school. As of October 2019, more than 100 Nobel laureates have worked and studied in Chicago (100 at the University of Chicago and 19 at Northwestern University). Chicago is a tourist destination. In 2016, it received more than 50 million tourists from all over the world. The time zone of Central American time represented by Chicago is UTC / gmt-6 (West Zone 6), which is 14 hours different from Beijing time at UTC / GMT + 8 (East Zone 8) (13 hours different from Chicago daylight saving time). In 2016, Chicago's GDP reached US $537.3 billion.
芝加哥(Chicago),位于美国密歇根湖的南部,是美国第三大城市,也是世界的国际金融中心之一。芝加哥地处北美大陆的中心地带,城市中心坐标为北纬41°39′、西经87°34′,是美国最大的商业中心区和最大的期货市场之一,其都市区新增的企业数一直位居美国第一位,被评为美国发展最均衡的经济体。此外,芝加哥还拥有很多的高楼大厦,被誉为“摩天大楼的故乡”。截止至2018年7月,芝加哥人口约为270.6万。芝加哥是美国最重要的文化科教中心之一,拥有世界顶级学府芝加哥大学(The University of Chicago)、西北大学(Northwestern University)和享誉世界的芝加哥学派。截止至2019年10月,逾百位诺贝尔奖得主曾在芝加哥工作、求学过(芝加哥大学100位、西北大学19位)。芝加哥是旅游圣地,2016年共接待全世界超过5000万名游客。芝加哥代表的美国中部时间所在的时区是UTC/GMT-6(西六区),与处在UTC/GMT+8(东八区)北京时间相差14小时(芝加哥夏令时期间相差13小时)。2016年,芝加哥地区生产总值达到了5373亿美元。
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